For students, access is:
user name: cobbstudent5 (or 2, 3, 4, 5 in place of 1 as appropriate---there is no kind. online student text available since their text is a big book)
- Nominating candidates to run for public office
- Voting for candidates who are nominated
- Holding public office at the local, state or national level
- Directing or organizing community affairs
These are the ten rights that are in the Bill of Rights:
- Congress can't make any law about your religion, or stop you from practicing your religion, or keep you from saying whatever you want, or publishing whatever you want (like in a newspaper or a book). And Congress can't stop you from meeting peacefully for a demonstration to ask the government to change something.
- Congress can't stop people from having and carrying weapons, because we need to be able to defend ourselves.
- You don't have to let soldiers live in your house, except if there is a war, and even then only if Congress has passed a law about it.
- Nobody can search your body, or your house, or your papers and things, unless they can prove to a judge that they have a good reason to think you have committed a crime.
- You can't be tried for any serious crime without a Grand Jury meeting first to decide whether there's enough evidence for a trial. And if the jury decides you are innocent, the government can't try again with another jury. You don't have to say anything at your trial. You can't be killed, or put in jail, or fined, unless you were convicted of a crime by a jury. And the government can't take your house or your farm or anything that is yours, unless the government pays for it.
- If you're arrested, you have a right to have your trial pretty soon, and the government can't keep you in jail without trying you. The trial has to be public, so everyone knows what is happening. The case has to be decided by a jury of ordinary people from your area. You have the right to know what you are accused of, to see and hear the people who are witnesses against you, to have the government help you get witnesses on your side, and you have the right to a lawyer to help you.
- You also have the right to a jury when it is a civil case (a law case between two people rather than between you and the government).
- The government can't make you pay more than is reasonable in bail or in fines, and the government can't order you to have cruel or unusual punishments (like torture) even if you are convicted of a crime.
- Just because these rights are listed in the Constitution doesn't mean that you don't have other rights too.
- Anything that the Constitution doesn't say that Congress can do should be left up to the states, or to the people.
- Who is at least 18 years of age
- Because of his/her race, color or gender
- Because she/he has not paid a voting or poll tax
- In national elections for President and Vice President
After the Battle of Little Bighorn, all of the American Indians are ordered to report to reservations or face death.
Key Point 8 WWI 1917
Significant Knowledge Key Point 9 Jazz Age 1920’s
Key Point 12 World War II 1940’s
World War II brought about the downfall of Western Europe as the center of world power, led to the rise of the Soviet Union, set up conditions leading to the 'Cold War,' and opened the nuclear age
Key Point - Causes of World War II
During the late 1930’s, Germany, led by the dictator Hitler, began invading neighboring European countries. Germany made a promise to not invade any other lands, and in return, they were able to keep the countries they had already conquered. Germany soon broke their promise by invading nearby Poland. After WWI, the U.S. had adopted a policy of isolationism which meant they were not going to involve themselves in world affairs. Meanwhile, in the Pacific, the Japanese emperor Hirohito was invading neighboring Asian countries. The United States got involved in the conflict when Japan bombed an important navy port in Pearl Harbor, HI.
Key Point– Life on the Homefront during World War II
In order to support to war effort, American woman took over the roles traditionally held by men. They went to work in factories, supported the soldiers through nursing, and started growing their own food. These new roles gave birth to the fictional character known as “Rosie the Riveter.” She came to symbolize the changing role of American women. A system of rationing was also instituted to limit the food consumed by Americans. Our extra food was sent to the soldiers overseas. The roles of African Americans also began to change. An elite group of African American fighter pilots made several successful missions over France and were regarded as heroes.
Key Point– Important Leaders and Events of World War II
The president of the United States when we entered the war was still Franklin D. Roosevelt. We joined Great Britain, led by the Prime Minister Winston Churchill to form the alliance known as the Allied Powers. Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union, turned against Hitler and joined the Allied Powers as well. Mussolini, the Italian dictator, joined forces with Hitler to form the Axis Powers. In the year 1945, Truman succeeded Roosevelt as the president of the United States. The conflict in Europe continued when the American forces initiated the largest land to sea attack known as the D-Day invasion. This attack on the beaches of Normandy France led to American and British forces capturing the German capital, Berlin. This important victory led to the end of the war in Europe. This day was known as V-E Day, or Victory in Europe Day. As an act to end the conflict for good with Japan, Truman made the difficult decision to drop a series of atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This resulted in V-J Day, otherwise known as victory in Japan day, and the end of WWII. In an effort to prevent future conflicts, the United States helped form the United Nations, a group of countries that agreed to peacefully resolve issues in the future.
Significant Knowledge Key Point 6 – The Holocaust
When the war ended, Americans began to realize that throughout the war Hitler had been leading a mass murder of several different groups of people including Jews. This dark period came to be known as the Holocaust. The Nazis, led by the dictator Adolf Hitler, wanted to eliminate all people regarded as inferior to his “perfect race.” By the end of the war, the Nazis had killed more than two-thirds of the Jews in Europe and more than 6 million people in all. Many of the Holocaust victims were killed in specially constructed gas chambers, and their bodies were then burned.
Key Point – Cold War
Communism, which is a form of government led by a dictator that makes all economic and social decisions, was the type of government in the Soviet Union in the 1960s. The United States believed that every country should have a democracy so that the voices of all people could be heard. Winston Churchill said Europe was divided by the Iron Curtain, symbol of the division between communist countries and democratic countries. The communists tried to block all supplies from getting into non-communist West Berlin in an effort to force the Allied Powers out of Germany. This resulted in the Berlin Airlift where the Allies dropped supplies from planes into West Berlin. Another conflict related to communism was the Korean War. The United Nations came to South Korea’s defense and kept communist North Korea from attacking.
Knowledge Key Point – The Red Scare
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO, was an organization developed to stop the spread of communism. Joseph McCarthy was a U.S. senator who wrongfully accused many Americans of being communists.
Key Point – The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Vietnam War
Communist Soviet Union took power in Cuba and began sending their nuclear missiles there. When the U.S. found out, they surrounded Cuba in order to prevent Soviet ships from delivering more missiles and to prevent a nuclear war so close to home. Nikita Khrushchev decided to remove the missiles, so U.S. President Kennedy decided not to attack Cuba. In the 1960s, the U.S. also helped to keep a group of North Korean communists from overthrowing the democratic South Korea. After years of fighting, North Korea succeeded in making South Korea communists, and U.S. troops went home.
Knowledge Key Point – The Civil Rights Movement